This is a resource to go with the other references available here that are going to be part of the narrative of the Tours available from Triple Tree Tours. It gives the reader a good sense of the development of The Criminal History of London. This is a general guide, with more focused emphasis on each of the particular tours as presented. 

Timeline

Punishment

5th Century

Hanging is introduced as a Capital Punishment

7th Century

Ethelbert introduces a penal system of punishments and fines with percentages going to the Crown

10th Century

Public Whippings and Mutilations introduced as Punishments

1166

Henry 2nd institutes legal reforms. The Crown and not Clergy decides crime and punishments

1188

Newgate becomes the main prison for London and Middlesex

1196

Tyburn is the site for the first Hanging, Drawing & Quartering

1197

Fleet Prison is built and can hold 300 prisoners

1236

A new turret is added to Newgate

1241

Hanging, Drawing & Quartering becomes the penalty for Treason, by law

1241

The use of The Hurdle is introduced to those convicted of Treason

1272

Pressing is introduced as a means of extracting a Plea from a criminal

14th Century

Heresy is considered treason in Law

1315-1316

62 Deaths at Newgate Prison are investigated

1351

Henry 3rd defines Treason in The Treason Act

1381

Fleet Prison destroyed by Wat Tyler's men

1393

New legislation prevents Gaolers from charging for lamps and beds

1406

A separate tower and section for female prisoners is added to Newgate

1419

Newgate closes due to Gaol Fever

1422

Dick Whittington bequeaths an Improvement Licence for Newgate

1509

Henry 8th introduces Boiling to Death as punishment for Piracy, Rape and Highway Robbery

1509

Branding a V on Vagrants is now enacted

1509

A loss of the 'writing hand' is brought in as punishment for Seditious Writing

1509

Whipping Posts emerge in towns and villages

1509

A loss of Ears is now punishment for not going to church

1533

'Buggerie' is recognised as a Capital offence

1540

Henry 8th defines 11 crimes as Capital offences

1540

Barbers & Surgeons are given 4 bodies a year for research

1542

Witchcraft is recognised as a capital offence

1547

Witchcraft as a capital offence is repealed by Edward 6th

1563

Elizabeth 1st recognises Witchcraft as a Felon

1571

The Triple Tree is erected in Tyburn to deal with multiple hangings

1642-1649

The English Civil War

1649

Charles 1st is beheaded at Banqueting House on Whitehall

1649

There is a case of 23 Men and 1 Woman hanged on The Triple tree in one session

1666

Newgate Prison is destroyed by fire in The Great Fire of London

1666

Fleet Prison is rebuilt at the expense of The Warden

1671

It is now a Capital offence to 'lie in wait' to injure or maim

1699

Shoplifting is now a Capital offence

1713

Stealing from a Dwelling House is now a Capital offence

1717

Borough Compter in Tooley St opens

1718

The Transportation Act is introduced and is in force for 7 years

1723

The Waltham Black Act makes Poaching a Capital offence

1729

The Fleet Prison is visited by The Parliamentary Gaols Committee

1751

Those convicted of Murder are hanged within 48 hours and given only bread and water

1752

The Murders Act is introduced to give Anatomists the right to the cadavers of convicted Murderers

1760

The first and only Peer of the Realm to be hanged at Tyburn is Earl Ferrers

1770

Newgate Prison is improved with reforms

1776

Transportation is on hold due to The American War of Independence

1780

Newgate is demolished by The Gordon Riots

1782

Newgate rebuilt to the cost of 30k. Two sections divide 'The Commons' from 'The State' prisoners
There are subsections for Debtors

1783

The Highwayman John Austen is hanged at Tyburn

1783

Newgate has its first public hangings

1788

Transportation resumes but to Australia. Over 162,000 are transported there up to 1868

1789

The last Burning at the Stake is held at Newgate

1790

Burning at the Stake for treason is abolished

19th Century

Public mutilations and maiming is abolished

1810

In English and Welsh Law there are 222 Capital offences

1814

The last hanging for Poaching takes place

1814

The Treason Act removes disembowelling and quartering as part of the punishment

1817

Public Whipping of Women Abolished

1820

The Cato St. Conspirators are the last to be hanged and decapitated

1822

The last hanging for stealing from a shop

1823

The Punishment of Death Act allows judge's discretion on Capital crimes

1829

The last hanging for Forgery takes place at Newgate

1830

The last hanging for Piracy takes place at Execution Dock

1832

The Anatomy Act no longer allows dissections on the cadavers of convicted Murderers

1832

The Punishment of Death Act decreases the number of Capital offences to 60

1832-7

Robert Peel further reduces the number of Capital offences

1834

Condemned bodies hanging in chains is abolished

1835

The last hanging for Sodomy takes place

1836

The Murders Act is totally repealed

1836

The Prisoner's Council can act as defence for those charged with serious crimes

1836

The last hangings for Robbery takes place

1837

The Piracy Act only now imposes Death Penalty where there is an intent to Murder

1842

Inmates of Marshelsea Prison , The Fleet and Queens Bench all now reside in The Queen's Bench

1843

The first legal definition of insanity is considered in defences

1844

The Queen's Bench is sold

1846

The Queen's Bench is pulled down

1850

It is claimed that the real site of Tyburn Gallows is 49 Connaught Square

1853

The Penal Servitude Act introduces sentencing in prison as punishment

1855

Borough Compter Demolished

1856

The pinioning of the legs of prisoners to be hanged is introduced

1861

The Home Secretary has the powers to reprieve the Death Sentence

1862

Public Whipping Abolished

1864-66

A Royal Commission recommends the end of The Death Penalty

1868

The last public hanging at Newgate

1868

The first private hangings take place

1869
The Debtor's Act abolishes prison for debt
1871

The Mug Shot is introduced

1872

The Long Drop as hanging method is introduced

1877

The Prisons Act now brings prisons under the control of the Home Office

1878

The first hanging at Wandsworth

1884

The Criminal Lunatics Act means that there is an examination of those condemned to ascertain sanity

1901

The tolling of the prison bell now happens just once after an execution takes place

1902

Newgate is closed and then demolished. 1120 men and 49 women have been executed there since the switch from Tyburn in 1789, including 3 burnings

1902

Male executions now take place in Pentonville, female at Holloway

1902

Holloway becomes the first female only prison

1903

First hanging at Holloway

1905

First instance of fingerprint used in evidence

1914

The oldest Londoner to be hanged is 71, a Leytonstone grocer

1908

The Children's Act means under 16s no longer hanged

1922

Infanticide Act: the killing of a new born is no longer a Capital offence

1931

Sentence of Death for Expectant Mothers. Mothers no longer to be hanged straight after giving birth

1941

Last man to be executed via Firing Squad takes place at the Tower of London

1946

The last hanging for High Treason

1953

The last hanging under Military Jurisdiction

1954

The last double hanging at Pentonville

1955

The last woman to be hanged, Ruth Ellis at Holloway

1957

The Homicide Act limits The Death Penalty to five categories of murder

1957

The defence of Diminished Responsibility comes into English Law

1960

The last teenager to be hanged

1964

The last hangings take place

1965

The Death penalty now changed into life sentence

1965

The Abolition of The Death Penalty passed

1971

Arson in The Royal Docklands ceases to be a Capital offence

1994

A House of Commons vote to reintroduce The Death Penalty is quashed 403 votes to 159

1998

The Death Penalty abolished for crimes under Military Jurisdiction

1998

European Convention on Human Rights incorporated into British Law

1998

High treason and Piracy removed from Statute as Capital offences. Death Penalty ends

1999

The 6th Protocol on Human Rights is signed by UK.